Cameroon: United Nations Challenge to French Policy

Cameroon: United Nations Challenge to French Policy

Cameroon: United Nations Challenge to French Policy

Cameroon: United Nations Challenge to French Policy

Excerpt

This short study of Cameroon under French administration during the trusteeship period is the result of several years' interest in that country and a visit there from June to September 1962. I have concentrated here upon the territory under French administration between the approval of the Trusteeship Agreement in December 1946 and independence on 1 January 1960. I have considered events in the Southern British Cameroons with which former French Cameroons united on 1 October 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon, and the movement to reunify the two Cameroons only as they influenced developments in Cameroon under French administration.

Choosing the most desirable spelling for the country about which I am writing presented a very real problem. The English name during both the mandate and trusteeship eras was 'the Cameroons'; it was applied not only to the territory under French administration but also the territory under British administration and to the two territories together. The French name for both territories separately and together was 'le Cameroun'. Since unification, the Cameroonians have referred to former Southern British Cameroons as 'Western Cameroon' and former French Cameroons as 'Eastern Cameroon'; together they form the 'Federal Republic of Cameroon'. In French the spelling has remained the same--'le Cameroun occidental', 'le Cameroun oriental' and 'la République Fédérale du Cameroun'. Though the form 'Cameroon' has been used officially only since independence, I have adopted it throughout; I have retained the earlier English name only where specifically describing the one-time German possession and the attempts to reunify it, e.g. 'the two Cameroons', 'French Cameroons', 'British Cameroons' and 'Southern British Cameroons'.

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