This is a study of the relationship between rural inhabitants in a selected part of Tanzania--Buhaya--and the centre of the political system in which they are members. It is an investigation of how the system is performing in its attempts to solve the problems emerging in this type of societal environment. As the title of the book TANU Yajenga Nchi--TANU builds the country--indicates, it is particularly focused on the role of the Tanganyika African National Union, the only lawful party in Tanzania, in the process of national development. The instrument which has been used to measure the performance of the system is a systematic interview survey.
This study aims at shedding some light on the political culture of a new African nation. It is not, like most other studies on Africa by political scientists, focused on the elite level. The attempt is to introduce the common man, and what he believes, as valuable objects of political science research in Africa. In order to understand his situation after independence, an account of the developments during the pre-colonial and the colonial eras have been included.
This book is the product of work which has extended over a number of years. During my research I have accumulated several debts of gratitude. It is unfortunately impossible here to extend personal thanks to everybody. I can only express the hope that all those who have, in some way or another, been involved in the preparation of this book are aware of my gratitude.
I must, however, express in particular my thanks to the Tanzanian government authorities, who allowed me to pursue this research project in their country, and to all those people in Buhaya, who are the actual objects of this study. It is only due to their cooperation and willingness to take time off their ordinary duties that it has been possible to complete this investigation.
I have gained intellectual inspiration from friends in the Department of Political Science at the University of Lund and at Makerere University College, Kampala, Uganda. My indebtedness is particularly great to Professor Nils Stjernquist and Professor James S. Coleman. Both have shown great interest in my research, offered valuable comments in the course of my work, and their support of my study has always been a source of inspiration.
My thanks are also due to Mr Russell Lansbury, University of Melbourne, Australia, for useful observations on the text, and to Mrs Jane Hartley, Kampala, who was alone responsible for the tedious task of coding the field material. I owe my thanks to Mrs. Ebba Skjöld for the arduous exercise of . . .