Communist Guerilla Warfare

Communist Guerilla Warfare

Communist Guerilla Warfare

Communist Guerilla Warfare

Excerpt

During the last war our troops never met guerillas, as enemies, on a large scale. Japanese, Italian, and German guerilla forces were non-existent. As soon as we fought the Japanese on their own soil, they gave in, and if they ever had any intention of putting guerillas into the field, they never showed it. The Italians did not give us any trouble with guerillas either, and only the Germans tried to organize guerilla warfare as a last defence. There was some talk, during the winter 1944-5, of the German Werwolf movement which was supposed to hold out in redoubts in the Bavarian and Austrian Alps. It was, at that time, the intention of some top Nazis to organize this movement which, after the collapse, was to keep on fighting against the Allied occupation troops and provide a rallying point for German resistance. A few prospective Werwolves were caught by the Allies, and that was the end of that. The German people, stunned and tired out after almost six years of war, had had enough of it, and the Werwolf guerillas never fired a shot.

There was, of course, guerilla warfare during the last war, and it was conducted on a gigantic scale against the invading German armies in the U.S.S.R. There were also Chinese, Yugoslav, Greek, Polish, French, and Abyssinian guerillas, not forgetting our own Chindits in Burma. But all of them were fighting on our side at the time. We never looked upon them as anything but patriots. But if you encounter guerillas fighting for the enemy, you do not consider them any longer as patriots: they are bandits. And we never met bandits until Malaya and Korea.

It is for this reason that we in this country have hardly begun to understand the implications of guerilla warfare, and this all the more, since practically no credit and very little publicity has been given to the exploits of guerillas on our side in the East African campaign and in Burma. It is time we should understand these implications. Guerilla warfare, after all, has been developed to perfection by the Communists, and in any forseeable war we will have to fight against guerillas in our midst.

Guerilla warfare has revolutionized the conception of war. Traditional warfare, as we used to know it, was a clear-cut affair.

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