Hate Crime: The Global Politics of Polarization

Hate Crime: The Global Politics of Polarization

Hate Crime: The Global Politics of Polarization

Hate Crime: The Global Politics of Polarization

Synopsis

These previously unpublished essays explore the international phenomenon of hate crimes, examining the socio-psychological dynamics of these crimes and the settings in which they occur, the relationships between offenders and their victims, the emotional states of the participants, and the legal and law enforcement responses to these crimes.

The essays address religious, racial, ethnic, and sexual crimes in the United States, Latin America, Africa, Europe, and the Middle East. The essayists provide historical reviews of the problems and the ways local authorities understand and cope with the dilemmas as well as prognoses about the persistence of hate crime and the measures that can be taken to control and contain it.

"Introduction", Robert J. Kelly and Jess Maghan

"Black Rage, Murder, Racism, and Madness: The Metamorphosis of Colin Ferguson", Robert J. Kelly

"The Neo-Nazis and Skinheads of Germany: Purveyors of Hate", Robert Harnishmacher and Robert J. Kelly

"The Ku Klux Klan: RecurringHate in America", Robert J. Kelly

"The Homeless Palestinians in Israel and the Arab World", Ghada Talhami

"Hate Crimes in India: A Historical Perspective", Asad ur Rahman

"Social Cleansing in Colombia: The War on Street Children", Suzanne Wilson and Julia Greider-Durango

"The Emergence and Implications of American Hate Crime Jurisprudence", James B. Jacobs

"Spectacular Punishment and the Orchestration of Hate: The Pillory and Popular Morality in Eighteenth-Century England", Antony E. Simpson

"Epilogue", Robert J. Kelly and Jess Maghan

"An Annotated Bibliography of Hate Crime Literature", Jess Maghan

Excerpt

We like to think that we chose precisely the right time to publish Hate Crime. Any earlier, the systematic data collection that is now occurring would not have begun to disgorge its facts; any later, and the field would be awash with a spate of volumes whose repetitive claims and counterclaims could lead to more confusion.

As the essays illustrate, we have resorted to the widest spectrum of source material ranging across several continents, seeking clues to the truth about hate crimes and the historical, social, psychological, and cultural intricacies and contradictions behind them. the ubiquity of the phenomenon is clearly evident in its commonality across cultures, time periods, ethnic, racial, religious, and sexual groups.

The analyses in these pages serve to highlight two broad conclusions: that in times of social distress and economic uncertainty, tensions between groups become acute and find expression in hate crimes; and that the burden of guilt of these cannot be attributed to or blamed on entire groups of people. While individuals must ultimately bear the responsibility for their own behavior and criminal acts, the context and social climate in which these occur is quite relevant to their understanding.

Hate crimes are partly ad hoc and situational and partly a cynical extrapolation from the ethos and collective sentiments of various groups. Taking their cues from their communities, perpetrators of bias incidents may feel free to act without strong rebuke or sanction from the local neighborhoods and settlements in which these events occur.

In 1993, when Bias Crime: American Law Enforcement and Legal Responses was published, we began to gather new ideas about the general . . .

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