New Systemic Ideas from the Italian Mental Health Movement

New Systemic Ideas from the Italian Mental Health Movement

New Systemic Ideas from the Italian Mental Health Movement

New Systemic Ideas from the Italian Mental Health Movement

Excerpt

The following papers are based on the authors' work in the public health service centres which emerged from reform legislation in Italy in 1978. At that time a series of regional centres were established to provide a full range of health services to the public within specified catchment areas. The legislation was also designed to phase out mental hospitals and reintegrate the patient and his psychiatric problem into the community and its social services. The authors were confronted with the task of integrating their own service, which in this case was psychological treatment, with other services which often operated from different premises about the individual and the way to help them with their problems (Fruggeri et al., 1985).

In some countries health services are organised to meet the individual needs of people. An example of this is the United States whose health service is characterised by fragmentation and specialisation: an agency for each need. In other countries, such as Italy, the health service aims to provide an interconnected network of services which meet the needs of people within a unified and globalistic framework: the person, not the need, is the focus of the intervention.

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