China & Pakistan: Diplomacy of an Entente Cordiale

China & Pakistan: Diplomacy of an Entente Cordiale

China & Pakistan: Diplomacy of an Entente Cordiale

China & Pakistan: Diplomacy of an Entente Cordiale

Excerpt

The study of international relations and the recent theorizing about them have been dominated by a concern with the behavior of great powers. While the distinction between the "elephants" and the "squirrels" of international politics is significant, it must be recognized that the great majority of actors in the international system today are the small and middle powers of the non-Western world. They have often been viewed as the stakes of great-power diplomacy, which indeed they were and are. But they do more than merely react to the cross pressures of great powers. In their own neighborhoods they are the "environment-determining actors." They act in pursuit of their own goals and thus create conditions and problems to which the great powers must in turn respond. Our explanations of international politics will remain insufficient if we regard the superpowers' "dominant system" as coterminous with the international system. The following study of Sino-Pakistan relations has been undertaken on the premise, among others, that the behavior of small nations merits more scholarly attention than it has traditionally received. The focus is therefore turned on Pakistan.

Scholarly writing on Pakistani foreign policy is by no means voluminous. A few short surveys have been published in Pakistan and India, the latter being the more noteworthy for their abuse of Pakistan. Some of the dozen or so general works on Pakistan's government and politics, published in Britain and the United States, have a chapter each on her foreign relations. The only full-scale work is that of S. M. Burke, a former Pakistani diplomat. Pakistan's disputes and conflict with India, and her alliance with the United States, have received more attention. Sino-Pakistan relations are . . .

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