The Psychology of Individual Differences

The Psychology of Individual Differences

The Psychology of Individual Differences

The Psychology of Individual Differences

Excerpt

For a number of years the writer has given courses on the psychology of individual differences to students in liberal arts and in education who wished to obtain a general knowledge of individual differences without the necessity of taking several courses in statistics and mental measurement. This volume is directly the outgrowth of that experience. It aims to give, especially for the benefit of the elementary student, an introduction to the problems, the methods, the results, and the applications of the psychology of individual differences. The point of view is essentially biological, experimental, and statistical, and but little attention has been given to pathology and psychoanalysis. Individual differences in acquired traits are discussed to some extent, but the field primarily considered is differences in native traits. Differences in acquired traits are held to be of interest chiefly to the educational psychologist and the social psychologist.

In general it is to be supposed that the study of individual differences will not be undertaken until after a course in elementary psychology, but as such courses are very variable both in method and in content, the intention here has been to assume but little previous technical knowledge on the part of the reader. This principle has rendered it necessary to digress from the primary problem and to present the elements of statistics, mental measurement, and the mechanics of inheritance and variation as well as certain things in elementary psychology, physiology, and neurology. The first part of the book is largely taken up with such material. The only apology offered . . .

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