School of the Citizen Soldier: Adapted from the Educational Program of the Second Army, Lieutenant General Ben Lear, Commanding

School of the Citizen Soldier: Adapted from the Educational Program of the Second Army, Lieutenant General Ben Lear, Commanding

School of the Citizen Soldier: Adapted from the Educational Program of the Second Army, Lieutenant General Ben Lear, Commanding

School of the Citizen Soldier: Adapted from the Educational Program of the Second Army, Lieutenant General Ben Lear, Commanding

Excerpt

The material in this volume comprises the educational program prepared for the Second Army at the direction of the Army Commander, Lieutenant General Ben Lear. His decision, several months before the United States was at war, resulted from observation and analysis of a general lack of comprehension among many soldiers-- similar to that among much of the civilian population--of the stakes of the war in which the United States had not yet entered and of the necessity for diligent and arduous training in preparation for our probable entry in the war.

It was, moreover, discovered that there were gaps in the education of the youth of the country in world geography and trade and even in the fundamentals of American history and constitutional government. Among some, this lack of understanding resulted in lack of appreciation of the advantages they had enjoyed. This affected the esprit of an Army, the training of which was directed to arrive at the goal--"fit to fight."

It was the Army Commander's conviction that an improvement of the intellectual background of the Army personnel would widen the mental and spiritual horizons of many men, would introduce new vistas of understanding for many others, would increase the soldier's interest in current events.

In July, 1941, General Lear ordered studies to be made of this problem and the plan for a course of lectures to be prepared. A balanced schedule was formulated to carry out the Army Commander's objective and was adopted in October, 1941, in the form, arrangement, and proportion indicated in this volume. The assistance of civilian educators of high standing was solicited and generously offered to prepare a substantial number of the lectures. A small board of Second Army officers was named to assemble and prepare the balance of the program. Machinery was put into motion to secure the best available talent for instructors in all units. Maps and charts were prepared at Army Headquarters by the Army Engineers.

Throughout the Second Army, the administration of the pro-

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