The Ruhr: A Study in Historical and Economic Geography

The Ruhr: A Study in Historical and Economic Geography

The Ruhr: A Study in Historical and Economic Geography

The Ruhr: A Study in Historical and Economic Geography

Excerpt

This book is a geographical study, in so far as it attempts to describe and explain the distribution of mining and industry in the small territory of the Ruhr. The present pattern of cities and industries in this area is seen as the last of a series of such patterns. A picture is given of the Ruhr in about 1800, about 1850 and about 1900, as a prelude to the examination of the Ruhr in the mid-twentieth century. No particular importance is claimed for the dates or periods of the historical surveys of the region, nor, in the chapters concerned with them, did the writer altogether refrain from tracing the emergence of one pattern from that which preceded it.

The work has been based on reading, spread over many years, in the economic history of western Germany and on a field study of the area. The writer is most grateful to all who assisted him in this: to the Social Science Research Council and Indiana University for generous financial assistance; to many friends in Germany, especially to Mr. C. Simon Hudson and Mrs. Lannah Grannan of the Miners' Welfare Department of the British Control Commission; to Dr. Wilhelm Brepohl of the Sozial- forschungsstelle, Dortmund; to Herr Arthur Floss and his assistants of the Bergbau-Bücherei of the Deutsche Kohlen Bergbau Leitung, Essen; to many works and mine managers and workmen, who patiently explained the intricacies of their operations; to officials of the Ruhr Authority, Steel Trustees, Coal Commission and Unesco who gave him the benefit of their knowledge and experience, and to countless Germans who guided and helped him as he explored the Ruhr on his bicycle.

In preparing the manuscript the writer has received valuable help and advice from Professor F. Lee Benns of the Department . . .

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