Locus of Control: Current Trends in Theory and Research

Locus of Control: Current Trends in Theory and Research

Locus of Control: Current Trends in Theory and Research

Locus of Control: Current Trends in Theory and Research

Excerpt

Man has reached a stage in his history that surrounds him with challenges to his very survival. Faced with problems of overpopulation and the consequent overcrowding, discomfort, and environmental pollution, he can easily come to feel overburdened, irritable, and hopeless. The title of the Broadway musical "Stop the World I Want To Get Off" is a common distillation of the thoughts of many an urban dweller. One of the most disturbing accompaniments of population density has been the sharp increase in incidents of violence, with the resulting insecurity to which urban dwellers have become accustomed. Robberies, assaults, murders, and rape, sometimes with no apparent purpose, have become commonplace in sections of many large cities. Citizens purchase weapons for protection of their homes and certain communities establish protective wire or electronic screening devices with guarded entrances to protect themselves against marauders. In New York City, the number of large guard dogs is said to be enjoying such an increase that a street sanitation problem has developed.

If it were not so serious, much of the world today could be construed as a bad joke. When we consider the repeated evidence of man's cruelty to man throughout history, it is possible to question whether man is likely to survive in the relatively free state within which he lives today, crowded closer together with others and dependent upon some belief in the ephemeral good will or conscience within himself and others for his daily feelings of safety.

Writers such as Arthur Koestler (1967) andHannah Arendt (1963), and psychological researchers such asStanley Milgram (1963), lead us to believe that man is indeed a creature strange enough that he might be capable of destroying . . .

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