T he prospect of a nuclear war is horrifying. It brings us face to face not only with death, but with destruction of the civilization that makes our life meaningful. It might even destroy our species. There is no precedent for the challenge that nuclear weapons present to our physical and moral lives.
Each of us is inescapably involved in the nuclear dilemma. At the very least, we are targets and victims. As voters and taxpayers in a democracy, we are also participants in the system of defense by nuclear deterrence. Many people, including some nuclear strategists, prefer to avoid or conceal the questions of conscience that arise from this situation. But many others realize that refusal . . .