The Cameroon Federal Republic

The Cameroon Federal Republic

The Cameroon Federal Republic

The Cameroon Federal Republic

Excerpt

When the original version of this study was written, in 1962, the Cameroon federation was barely a year old. The political ambiguities that surrounded the formation of the new union and the various economic and social difficulties that the young nation inherited suggested a cautious prognosis of the viability of the federation. Today, nearly a decade later, the Federal Republic not only has managed to face up to its problems, but seems well on the way to becoming one of contemporary Africa's more successful political systems. It is impossible, naturally, to predict the course of events in Cameroon with certainty, but it appears that few insuperable problems are likely to cloud Cameroon's immediate future. In 1962 it was easy to underestimate President Ahidjo's leadership. Now much of the credit for the success of the federation must go to him; he must be counted, I think, as one of Africa's most resourceful, intelligent, and pragmatic leaders.

"Complexity" is the key word to describe Cameroon's political, social, and economic configurations. No other African country, save perhaps Nigeria, has had such an extraordinarily varied history of political experiences. It saw three direct colonial and two indirect tutelary powers work their will and influence: Germany, France, and Great Britain; the League of Nations and the United Nations. Nigeria, with which the British Cameroons were in administrative union, might be added to the list. Further . . .

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