Brazil in the Seventies

Brazil in the Seventies

Brazil in the Seventies

Brazil in the Seventies

Excerpt

Brazil both impresses and shocks those interested in Latin America specifically and the Third World in general. Since the military overthrow of the government of João Goulart in 1964, a coalition of military officers and civilian technocrats has changed the once prevalent image of Brazil as a "sleeping giant" or an exotic tropical Eden. Economic growth rates unmatched in the Third World have prompted an important debate on income distribution and social equity. Brazil's present authoritarian political system has led to heated discussions over the future of representative, participatory politics in Brazil. Violations of human rights by military and civilian security units and growing awareness of international criticism of such violations remain a source of serious internal division. The plight of the Brazilian Northeast--an internationally recognized region of shocking underdevelopment--coexists with the urban sophistication of cities such as Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.

The essays published here address aspects of these contradictions in contemporary Brazilian society. The Brazil Seminar Series under whose auspices these essays were originally presented was sponsored by the Washington Center of Foreign Policy Research and the Latin American Studies Program of the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, with the support of the American Enterprise Institute. In a series of four meetings in March 1976 the papers were discussed by a small audience of government officials, Brazilian and North American scholars, and representatives of international organizations. The primary focus of the papers is the international aspects of Brazilian development. Professor Werner Baer's paper carefully examines the post-1964 economic expansion or "miracle" in an effort to deal with the extent to which economic . . .

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