The Chumash and Costanoan Languages

The Chumash and Costanoan Languages

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The Chumash and Costanoan Languages

The Chumash and Costanoan Languages

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Excerpt

Many years ago Father Felipe Arroyo de la Cuesta composed, and Shea in 1861 published, one of the most satisfactory treatises dealing with an Indian idiom of California, the Grammar of the Mutsun Language, subsequently classified as a Costanoan dialect. Several years ago the author added notes on another dialect, that of Monterey, and presented a grammatical sketch of the Santa Ynez idiom of the Chumash family.

Since that time he has recorded two vocabularies, one in the Costanoan speech at Mission San Jose, the other in the Chumash dialect of Mission San Buenaventura.

A comparison of these two new sources with the material previously obtained, enables an insight into the dialectic organization of the two families. Wherever these uniformly-made records of two dialects of the same stock corroborate each other, whether by agreement or by an explainable difference, they furnish a basis of comparison by which other previously published lists may be judged, and some allowance made for their orthographic variations. In this way some half dozen diverse vocabularies in each family are made available for comparative study.

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