A Dictionary of European History and Politics, 1945-1995

A Dictionary of European History and Politics, 1945-1995

A Dictionary of European History and Politics, 1945-1995

A Dictionary of European History and Politics, 1945-1995

Synopsis

This dictionary covers the most significant features of Western and Eastern European history and politics in the tumultuous period since the end of the Second World War. Its contents cover events, treaties, countries, individuals and organisations.

Excerpt

This dictionary is an attempt to depict, in a concise and summary format, the most significant features of European history and politics in the tumultuous period since the end of the Second World War in 1945. the entries broadly fall into four categories: events and issues; territories (states, regions, and disputed areas); organizations -- both national and international; and individuals. Their inclusion has been based upon an assessment of whether the subjects have been significant in a national and/or international context. Inevitably, this means that a larger number of entries are devoted to the larger European states, but not, it is hoped, to the total detriment of their smaller neighbours. Clearly, no compilation of this nature can hope or claim to be comprehensive, and this dictionary is no exception. Social and political change is an ongoing and complex process, often not immediately apparent and never easily amenable to simple itemization. the dictionary purports to do no more than attempt to provide a succinct and accurate account of complex issues, although in the last resort the final selection of what should be included is inevitably dependent upon personal judgment and interests.

The scope of the book is based upon a generous interpretation of what constitutes Europe, the definition of which is often a term of convenience and never as simple as might be imagined. This is particularly relevant for the post- 1989 period and a coverage of the successor states to the former Soviet Union. a conscious decision was to incorporate Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, excluding only those successor states which clearly lie in the heartlands of Asia. the entries, which are listed alphabetically, are intended to be self- contained, but more complex organizations, particularly the European Union/ European Communities and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, have been disaggregated into their numerous component parts. However, cross-references have been included throughout. These are printed in small capitals at the end of entries and elsewhere when directing the reader to consult another entry, but in bold type when names and terms with their own entries are discussed in passing within another entry. These will hopefully enable the reader to relate events and issues more readily with each other. Personal and place names are given in the form commonly employed in English, but on occasions the original version has been retained where there is no obvious or accepted Anglicized equivalent.

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