Multicultural Education: An International Guide to Research, Policies, and Programs

Multicultural Education: An International Guide to Research, Policies, and Programs

Multicultural Education: An International Guide to Research, Policies, and Programs

Multicultural Education: An International Guide to Research, Policies, and Programs

Excerpt

The decade of the 1990s is turning out to be one of the most exciting in world history. Many countries are composed of highly diversified, pluralistic peoples who cry out for independence and dignity. A growing demand for an egalitarian philosophy has emerged, and school systems around the world have been searching for ways to help engender better interpersonal relations among all persons within their borders. Achieving such goals has proven to be difficult when students have had limited cross-cultural experiences.

This book is a reference work which examines a sampling of the world's educational systems. The countries chosen for inclusion in the book consist of nations which participated in the authors' international study of multicultural education (see Appendix). In addition, other countries which did not respond to the survey requests were also included in order to provide a solid sampling of nations on all continents. An attempt was made to include both developing nations and industrialized countries, as well as nations with differing political systems and varying religious perspectives. The authors attempted to include countries from all parts of the world in the book, along with nations possessing a great variety of educational systems.

The idea for the book originated from a previous work, which examined gifted/talented education programs throughout the world. However, this time, the topic of multicultural education was the central theme since many countries have initiated such programs in an attempt to help young learners acquire more positive attitudes about their countries' pluralistic microcultures, acquire a strong sense of their own self-esteem, identify examples of stereotypical thinking and prejudice, acquire more enlightened attitudes about gender equity, and articulate understandings about their own microcultures in order to learn how such influences have shaped their own thinking and behavior. The survey results have been augmented by extensive research in order to create a book which provides information about the multicultural efforts around the world.

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