Education and Culture: Anthropological Approaches

Education and Culture: Anthropological Approaches

Education and Culture: Anthropological Approaches

Education and Culture: Anthropological Approaches

Excerpt

Education and Culture is a purposeful exploration of a frontier area -- the application of anthropology to education. The focus of this exploration is the transmission of culture, and particularly the values that are activated by educational events and in educational settings. Education is conceived as goal oriented in a particular cultural context. The approach is therefore cross-cultural and, by implication, comparative. Our educational system is seen in the perspective of educational systems in very different cultures. So the suburban elementary school described by Jules Henry in one of the chapters in this book can be viewed as one variant among many possibilities, such as a West African "Bush" School, a Japanese youth group, Hopi education and culture, or a Tiwi initiation ceremony. And education is interpreted functionally and holistically. The interdependence of educational systems and functions, teacher roles, cultural norms and values, and cultural process is stressed.

The twenty-five chapters included in Education and Culture were either written especially for the volume or were carefully selected on the basis of the following criteria: each one must represent some dimension of a process particularly significant within the scope of emergent anthropological applications to analysis of the educative process in our own society or in other societies; the chapters selected must interrelate to provide a manageable consistency . . .

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