The Challenge of NATO Enlargement

The Challenge of NATO Enlargement

The Challenge of NATO Enlargement

The Challenge of NATO Enlargement

Synopsis

Twenty-six key officials and experts analyze the NATO decision to expand into Central-Eastern Europe. Contributors include the NATO Secretary General Solana, President Clinton, former Soviet leader Gorbachev, former Supreme Allied Commander in Europe Joulwan, several active and former foreign ministers and deputy foreign ministers, other high officials, and prominent academics from the United States and Europe. Particular attention is paid to the rationale, pros and cons, and the impact on Russia, Ukraine, the European neutrals, the new NATO members, and the remaining hopefuls.

Excerpt

Javier Solana

In 1997 the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) made a decisive contribution to achieving a new Europe--undivided, free and secure. Just think of the many historic steps we have made--the creation of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council; strengthening of the Partnership for Peace; nato enlargement; establishment of the NATO-Russia Founding Act; signing of the NATO-Ukraine Charter; enhancement of the Mediterranean Dialogue; progress towards the reform of the nato command structure; and implementation of the new concept of Combined Joint Task Forces for peacekeeping and crisis management.

A growing number of European nations now aspire to these ideals. They wish to join our community, to integrate with Western structures. For many of them that means aspiring to membership in nato so as to share the benefits of peace, stability and prosperity that we have enjoyed for half a century as members of the Alliance.

At Madrid, our Heads of State and Government decided to invite three countries--the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland--to begin accession talks with a view to joining nato, hopefully by the time of our fiftieth anniversary in 1999.

This decision was only taken after very careful consideration and intense consultation among Allies. Twelve countries of Central and Eastern Europe have indicated a powerful desire to join nato, and others may ask to join the list in the future. But to succeed, it is not enough to demonstrate democratic credentials and to claim adherence to the ideals of the Alliance.

Our decision had to be more hard-headed than that to preserve NATO's core value. We are an Alliance whose success rests on its cred-

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