From Abortion to Contraception: A Resource to Public Policies and Reproductive Behavior in Central and Eastern Europe from 1917 to the Present

From Abortion to Contraception: A Resource to Public Policies and Reproductive Behavior in Central and Eastern Europe from 1917 to the Present

From Abortion to Contraception: A Resource to Public Policies and Reproductive Behavior in Central and Eastern Europe from 1917 to the Present

From Abortion to Contraception: A Resource to Public Policies and Reproductive Behavior in Central and Eastern Europe from 1917 to the Present

Synopsis

Within an interdisciplinary context of public health, reproductive health, and women's rights, this book chronicles the interaction of public policies and private reproductive behavior in the 28 formerly socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the USSR successor states from 1917 to the present. Focusing on the interaction of public policies and private behaviors, special emphasis is placed on the status of women--from producers of labor to reproducers of families. Consideration is given to societal values and traditions, Marxist theory, socialist and patriarchal perceptions of gender roles, status of women, changes in legislation facilitating or constraining access to modern contraceptives and abortion, pronatalist influences on demographic trends, attitudes of public health service providers, views on sex education, adolescent sexual behavior, and emerging roles of public services and nongovernmental organizations.

Excerpt

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There are several reasons why it is my special pleasure to contribute a Foreword to From Abortion to Contraception: A Resource to Public Policies and Reproductive Behavior in Central and Eastern Europe from 1917 to the Present. These reasons are summarized in terms of approach, scope, and spirit.

Presently there is no other comprehensive resource on the "region in transition" that so ably integrates woman-centered political, historical, demographic, and psychosocial approaches. It overcomes the limits of "pure" demographic analysis found so frequently in the literature. For the first time the interaction between public policies and private reproductive behavior in the formerly socialist countries is considered within the context of a women's rights perspective. However, the volume moves beyond the typical "women and postsocialist transition" critiques of cultural, economic, and social trends to a more sophisticated analysis of reproductive behavior as evidenced by the meticulously compiled data on access to safe abortion and modern contraceptives. The editorial approach renders the issues of women's status, rights, and empowerment central to the understanding of public policies and private behavior of individuals and couples.

In moving from demographic aspects to improved reproductive and sexual health, including governmental support for family planning, the overviews and individual country chapters further contribute to the global shift in the framework within which the world community agreed to consider and advocate the issues of population and socioeconomic development at the major United Nations conferences of the 1990s. These included the 1992 Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, the 1993 Vienna World Conference on Human Rights, the 1994 Cairo International Conference on Population and Development, and the 1995 Beijing World Conference on Women. The reshaping of population-related perspectives and priorities was largely . . .

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