The Authorized Press in Vichy and German-Occupied France, 1940-1944: A Bibliography

The Authorized Press in Vichy and German-Occupied France, 1940-1944: A Bibliography

The Authorized Press in Vichy and German-Occupied France, 1940-1944: A Bibliography

The Authorized Press in Vichy and German-Occupied France, 1940-1944: A Bibliography

Synopsis

Despite heavy censorship and sometimes outright control by either Vichy or the Germans, the authorized press is a useful and necessary source for anyone studying the period of German occupation and the Vichy government in France. The daily and weekly political press, the press created by Vichy for its Chantiers de la Jeunesse youth movement, its Legion of War veterans and its Peasant Corporation for agriculture show the regime's ideology and priorities. A wide variety of other periodicals, including religious publications, advertising papers, trade papers, and sports papers, provides insights into the professional and local life of the period. This book provides a guide to the authorized press of the occupation period.

Excerpt

Anyone studying the period of German occupation and the Vichy government in France from 1940 to 1944 must of necessity consult the authorized press of this period. Despite its obvious drawbacks, heavy censorship and sometimes outright control by either Vichy or the Germans, this press is more varied and useful as a source than might be at first imagined. In addition to the political press, daily and weekly, and the press created by Vichy for its Chantiers de la Jeunesse youth movement, its Legion of War veterans and its Peasant Corporation for agriculture, which are important for the study of the regime's ideology and priorities, there was a wide variety of other periodical literature: religious publications, some politically oriented, some not; advertising papers, trade papers, sports magazines and professional journals, most of which existed before the occupation period and survived after it; finally, a number of special interest periodicals whose subjects ranged from bullfighting to regional languages. These periodicals provide insights into the professional and local life of the period.

The purpose of this bibliography is to be a guide to the authorized press of the occupation period. It does not claim to be exhaustive, but does aim to cover the more important daily, weekly, bimonthly, monthly and quarterly publications in Paris and the departments, with the exception of Bas-Rhin, Haut-Rhin, and Moselle, annexed outright by the Germans, and Seine-Saint-Denis (at the time of the occupation, part of the department of Seine), whose periodicals all ceased publication during this time. For the convenience of today's reader, the current names of the departments have been used. When there has been a change, the former name is given below the current name. A few types of publications have been deliberately omitted: almanacs and other annual publications; parish bulletins and alumni magazines because of their very limited readership.

The list of 2500 periodicals given in this bibliography is drawn primarily from the Annuaire de la Presse for 1942 and 1944, the only years of publication for this period (this is the main source, and the periodicals found here are marked with a), lists of authorized periodicals found in the Archives Nationales series F 41, notably in F 41 98-103 and F 41 120, and the Bibliothèque National's series of volumes, Bibliographie de la presse française politique et d' information générale . . .

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