Spanish Writers on Gay and Lesbian Themes: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook

Spanish Writers on Gay and Lesbian Themes: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook

Spanish Writers on Gay and Lesbian Themes: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook

Spanish Writers on Gay and Lesbian Themes: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook


Spanish literature is one of the major European literatures, with an extensive array of canonical and important writers from the Middle Ages to the present. Because Spain was a crossroads of Christian, Jewish, and Islamic cultures, its cultural traditions weave together issues related to homoerotic practices and beliefs in a particularly complex way. Because literature reflects culture, numerous Spanish authors explore gay and lesbian themes in their writings. This reference includes alphabetically arranged entries for more than 50 Spanish writers whose works treat gay and lesbian themes, including Miguel de Unamuno, Ignatius of Loyola, Federico Garcia Lorca, Juana de la Cruz, and Teresa de Arila. Each entry provides a brief biographical profile, a discussion of gay and lesbian themes in the author's works, and a brief bibliography. The volume also includes entries for several artists active in other media, whose works provide a context for homoeroticism in Spanish culture. The book includes an extensive introductory essay and a bibliography of major studies.


Goza el fresco paisaje de mi herida quiebra juncos y arroyos delicados, bebe en muslo de miel sangre vertida. Pero pronto! Que unidos, enlazados, boca rota de amor y alma mordida, el tiempo nos encuentre destrozados.

(Federico Garcia Lorca, Soneto de la guirnalda de rosas, from Sonetos de amor oscuro)

Enjoy the fresh landscape of my wound, break delicate reeds and washes, drink on a honeyed thigh the spilt blood. But quick! May time find us destroyed, joined and entwined, our mouths broken by love and bitten souls. (Trans. byDavid William Foster)

Gay culture in Spain has a long history. Indeed, there are those who would argue that Spanish social policies-through the Catholic Church, the institution of Empire, the bourgeoisie, and, most recently, the fascist dictatorship of Franco-both repressed an important substratum dimension of the hornoerotic in Arabic culture and suppressed the homoeroticism that, quite reasonably, flourished as part of the regime of homosocialism among all-male groups like the military and the clergy, including the premodern university. Nevertheless, the general social and culture priorities concomitant with bourgeois Europe, along with the scientific discourse of sexuality during the past one hundred years, meant that little explicit gay writing existed until well into the twentieth century. Nevertheless, recent research has now begun to discover important manifestations of sexual dissidence among a wide array of writings that are of interest to the . . .

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