Higher Faculties: A Cross-National Study of University Culture

Higher Faculties: A Cross-National Study of University Culture

Higher Faculties: A Cross-National Study of University Culture

Higher Faculties: A Cross-National Study of University Culture

Synopsis

A veteran of universities in Eastern and Western Europe, the United States, and Canada offers a cross-national sociological analysis of the cultural and political aspects of university life.

Excerpt

This study attempts to determine the current role of scholars and scholarship and their impact outside the academic realm. Because scholars are a diverse species with diverse understandings of their function and purpose, I have devised a typology, proposed in Chapter 3, to classify different types of scholars, identify the psychological determinants that incline scholars to the scholarly life, discern what types flourish in what kinds of social systems, and assess the contribution of scholars to sociopolitical change.

This tentative classification addresses what "is." Because the scholarly world is a peculiar mixture of descriptive and normative issues, it seems appropriate to consider what constitutes the ideal scholar and, thereby, distinguish between "is" and "ought." Accordingly, an ideal scholarly paradigm is presented in Chapter 1, followed by a sketchy and selective review of the existing literature on the issues of scholarship and creativity in Chapter 2. Scholarly creativity is a narrower issue than creativity in general. Scholarly, artistic, and literary creativity may overlap, but the important question here is what is unique to scholarly ingenuity (if there are enough empirical data to make such an inquiry).

Chapter 4 focuses on different university cultures, international centers of scholarship and scientific creation, specifying the links among various types of scholars as classified here and the types of social structure in which they function. Different social milieux assimilate different . . .

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