Comprehensive Planning for the 21st Century: General Theory and Principles

Comprehensive Planning for the 21st Century: General Theory and Principles

Comprehensive Planning for the 21st Century: General Theory and Principles

Comprehensive Planning for the 21st Century: General Theory and Principles

Synopsis

A leader in research and education concerning the planning process, Branch provides a thorough examination of the common characteristics of this directive process as practiced by civil governments, businesses, and the military.

Excerpt

Historically the three major applications of planning have been considered separately in both theory and practice: civil governmental planning for cities, counties, and regions; business planning; and military planning. There has been little contact between those concerned with each of these applications, except for military engineers designing the peripheral defenses of cities in the past, companies producing military weapons and equipment, and a few urban and regional planners employed by land developers, utility companies, and financial institutions. There is almost no intercommunication with respect to theory, principles, and practice.

The author's experience with these primary areas of planning and his lifetime study of planning as an organized endeavor convince him that the process of planning is basically the same in all its applications. There are, of course, great differences between the organizational entities that engage in planning. A civil government and a private business enterprise are very different indeed: in their constituent populations, objectives, governance, legal powers, and in almost every other way. Military units are the most distinct, with their chain of command and absolute control . . .

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