Motivation, Planning, and Action: A Relational Theory of Behavior Dynamics

Motivation, Planning, and Action: A Relational Theory of Behavior Dynamics

Motivation, Planning, and Action: A Relational Theory of Behavior Dynamics

Motivation, Planning, and Action: A Relational Theory of Behavior Dynamics

Excerpt

This book is intended neither as a handbook nor as a review of the motivation literature. Its primary intent is to present a conceptual model of human motivation in behavioral and relational terms. The behavioral relations and interactions as they are "required" by the functioning individual are conceived as behavior dynamics or needs. The cognitive processing of these needs into behavioral plans of action is the major focus of the book.

In spite of new findings and new trends, psychology's conceptual underpinnings have actually undergone only minor adjustments. In essence, what new wine there is is put into old wine-skins. In that case, according to Matthew, "the skins burst and the wine is spilled". In an attempt to remedy this situation, the intent of this book is to reexamine some of psychology's underlying conceptual assumptions and to propose new models for understanding behavior. Presentation of this material is not expected to lead immediately to the formation of specific hypotheses or research strategies. It is assumed, however, that integrating these concepts into research designs will contribute to the development of neglected areas in the experimental psychology of human behavior. Behavior itself will be presented conceptually within the human context, while the functional and directional aspects of motivation will be emphasized rather than its intensity measures. In discussing how motivation develops and works, particular attention will be paid to the processes by which needs are concretized into intrinsic goals and extrinsic means-end structures. The fact that humans set goals for themselves and make plans which they try to carry out is, indeed, one of the most striking characteristics of their behavior.

Time perspective, especially with regard to the future, adds an important dimension to the study of motivation in terms of goal setting and planning.

Author Advanced search

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.