After Nine Hundred Years: The Background of the Schism between the Eastern and Western Churches

After Nine Hundred Years: The Background of the Schism between the Eastern and Western Churches

After Nine Hundred Years: The Background of the Schism between the Eastern and Western Churches

After Nine Hundred Years: The Background of the Schism between the Eastern and Western Churches

Synopsis

The book first discusses the various ideas which comprise the theory of the social contract, and then traces the history as it developed. The central theme of the social contract, the relationship of citizens and government, is also analyzed.

Excerpt

On January 25, 1959, His Holiness Pope John XXIII, still in the opening months of his pontificate, made known to the world his intention of convoking an Ecumenical Council which would be "an invitation to the separated Christian Communities to find unity."

It seemed to us that it would be an excellent preparation for the reconciliation of Eastern and Western Christians, if we were to assist in making available in an English translation the masterly study of Father Yves Congar, O.P., first published in 1954. We were fortunate in receiving the enthusiastic approval of Father Congar for the project and he has been kind enough to supplement his original text with considerable new material and to bring up to date the already abundant bibliography and copious notes of the first edition.

The year 1954 marked the ninth centenary of the excommunication pronounced by the legates of the Holy See against Michael Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople, a date which for long has been accepted as that of the break between Rome and Byzantium. As a result of his long and profound studies of the relations of East and West from the earliest days of Christianity, Father Congar has seen, and exposes with luminous clarity, the many political, cul-

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