Indonesian Society in Transition: A Study of Social Change

Indonesian Society in Transition: A Study of Social Change

Indonesian Society in Transition: A Study of Social Change

Indonesian Society in Transition: A Study of Social Change

Excerpt

Some years ago I arranged with the International Secretariat of the Institute of Pacific Relations to write a social history of Indonesia, paying special attention to the impact of Western civilisation past and present and to the dynamic processes within Indonesian society.

In 1950 the Secretary General of the Institute suggested that I should write a preliminary report on The Effects of Western Civilization on Indonesian Society, with special reference to contemporary Indonesian nationalism, which report could later on become a part of the larger volume in preparation, and at the same time, could serve as a preparatory paper for the Eleventh Conference of the Institute of Pacific Relations, held at Lucknow in October 1950. I accepted the proposal and finished my report during the summer of that year. In that report, which was mimeographed and published as Secretariat Paper Nr II, I paid in particular a good deal of attention to a number of social processes which the literature on the subject had so far tended to neglect. Thus, apart from economic developments (on which an extensive body of literature already exists) I also treated changes in class structure, urbanisation and the modernisation of Islam, subjects which have received far too little attention in the past.

The present book can be considered as an extension of the above report. Two new chapters have been added dealing with subjects not treated in the paper ('The Changing Pattern of Labour Relations' and 'Cultural Dynamics in Indonesia', Chapters IX and X). Moreover, the chapters already published have also been thoroughly revised and supplemented. I was enabled by a certain amount of research undertaken in the archives of the Indonesian Department of the State Institute for War Documentation at Amsterdam to deal in the chapters on 'Shifts in the . . .

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