The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge - Vol. 10

The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge - Vol. 10

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The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge - Vol. 10

The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge - Vol. 10

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Excerpt

REUSCH, reish, FRANZ HEINRICH: German Old Catholic; b. at Brilon (78 m. n.e. of Cologne) Dec. 4, 1825; d. at Bonn Mar. 3, 1900. He was educated at the universities of Bonn ( 1843-45), Tübingen, and Munich ( 1845-47), and the seminary of Cologne ( 1848-49); he was ordained to the priesthood in 1849, chaplain of St. Alban's at Cologne until 1853, when he returned to Bonn as lecturer in the theological seminary there, and in 1854 became privat-docent in the Roman Catholic theological faculty of the university of the same city. In 1858 he was appointed associate professor of Old- Testament exegesis, and three years later became full professor, while in 1873-74 he was rector of the university. The Vatican Council of 1870 marked an epoch in the life of Reusch, after he had already written his commentaries on Tobit ( 1857) and Ecelesiasticus ( 1861), as well as a Lehrbuch der Einleitung in das Alte Testament ( 1859) and Bibel und Natux, Vorlesungen über die mosaische Urgeschichte und ihr Verhältnis zu den Ergebnissen der Naturforschang ( 1862). As a theologian he had taken a position with the liberal wing of the Roman Catholics, as evidenced by his editorship of the Theologisches Litteraturblatt from 1866 to 1877. His refusal to subscribe to the declaration of papal infallibility, however, caused him to be suspended and excommunicated, and he then took an active part in organizing the Old Catholic Church, being made general vicar by Reinkens, and also acting as pastor of the Old Catholic congregation at Bonn. With the abolition of the requirement of celibacy in his denomination in 1878, Reusch resigned his offices, though he continued to give instruction in religion, as well as to conduct occasional services and to hear confessions.

His change of confession turned Reusch from Old- Testament exegesis to the history of the Roman Catholic Church after the Reformation. Here belong, accordingly, his Luis de Leon und die spanische Inquisition ( 1873), Der Prozess Galileis und die Jesuiten ( 1879), and, above all, his Index der verbotenen, Bücher (2 vols., 1883-85). Together with J. J. I. von Döllinger (q.v.) he published the Selbstbiographie des Kardinals Bellarmin ( 1887) and the Geschichte der Moralstreitigkeiten in der römischkatholischen Kirche seit dem sechzehaten Jahrhundert (2 vols., 1889), and after Döllinger's death he edited his Briefe and Erklärungen über die vatikanischen Dekrete ( 1890) and Kleinere Schriften ( 1890). During this latter period of his life Reusch also wrote, besides numerous briefer contributions, Die deutschen Bischöfe und der Aberglaube ( 1879) and Beiträge zur Geschichte des Jesuitenordens ( 1894), while his last work was his Briefe an Bunsen von römischen Kardinälen und Prälaten (1818-37) mit Erläuteruagen ( 1897). ( L. K. GOETZ.)

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