The Yishuv in the Shadow of the Holocaust: Zionist Politics and Rescue Aliya, 1933-1939

The Yishuv in the Shadow of the Holocaust: Zionist Politics and Rescue Aliya, 1933-1939

The Yishuv in the Shadow of the Holocaust: Zionist Politics and Rescue Aliya, 1933-1939

The Yishuv in the Shadow of the Holocaust: Zionist Politics and Rescue Aliya, 1933-1939

Synopsis

For the Jewish world and the Yishuv in particular, the 1930s was a time of escalating crises- the rise of the Nazis and their antisemitic policies, the declining fortunes of Eastern European Jewry, increasing Arab enmity, and the hardening of British Mandatory policies in Palestine. Reexamining some of the most controversial episodes in modern Jewish history, this invaluable study offers the first systematic institutional analysis of the Yishuv's responses to the imperative of saving German and European Jewry from the growing Nazi threat between 1933 and 1939. Drawing on a wealth of archival research and a thorough knowledge of the secondary literature, this informative, important book will be essential reading for all those interested in the history of the Holocaust.

Excerpt

For nearly fifty years the history of the Holocaust and the history of the Yishuv have been written as two separate chapters in the contemporary Jewish experience: The one event viewed as the depths of tragedy reflecting the powerlessness of the Jewish community and the other reflecting its polar opposite, Jewry's emergence from powerlessness in the guise of the reborn State of Israel. Although recent historical studies have attempted to integrate these two historical trends, much more work has yet to be done in order to clearly elucidate the relationship between the two benchmark events of recent Jewish history. This book, whose origins was in my doctoral dissertation, seeks to broaden the context into which the history of rescue aliya is placed, by examining the constructive aid program in both its ideological and political contexts. The nature of the different responses to the fate of diaspora Jewry is charted and the Yishuv leadership's appraisals of the Nazi threat to European Jewry are correlated. The question of how best to aid European Jewry -- a source of searing controversy among all Jews -- was of daily concern to the entire Yishuv. Alternative strategies advocated by the Yishuv's leaders as they faced the painful dilemma of rescuing the Jews of Europe are therefore investigated in detail.

Finally, this book answers four critical questions: (1) Did differing party ideologies reflect clear divergences in rescue-related questions? (2) Were the policies advocated by the Yishuv's leadership (and by their opponents) reasonable responses to the actual and perceived threat? (3) Were these policies pursued creatively and energetically? and (4) To what extent did the Yishuv's disunity impact on the success or failure of the rescue program?

Numerous individuals and organizations have helped me in the completion . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.