Attention and Information Processing in Infants and Adults: Perspectives from Human and Animal Research

Attention and Information Processing in Infants and Adults: Perspectives from Human and Animal Research

Attention and Information Processing in Infants and Adults: Perspectives from Human and Animal Research

Attention and Information Processing in Infants and Adults: Perspectives from Human and Animal Research

Excerpt

The impetus for this book and the conference upon which it was based stemmed from our observation that the interrelated phenomena of attention and information processing were the focus of intensive theoretical analysis and empirical research in many different scientific disciplines. Due to the increasing fragmentation of contemporary science into disparate disciplines and their accompanying satellite societies, there is often relatively little dialogue among investigators working on a common phenomenon. The goal of the conference upon which this volume is based was to bring together a distinguished group of investigators from different fields who had rarely (or never) interacted. It was our hope that the interchange would stimulate new and exciting research directions and facilitate future interactions among the various participants.

The specific issues addressed in the present volume concern the changes that occur in attention and information processing during development, the role of selective attention and preattentive mechanisms in information processing, the allocation of processing resources, the physiological correlates of attention, and the role of attention-like processes in learning and memory in animals. The participants were from all over the world and represented the areas of psychophysiology, human infancy, developmental psychobiology, animal learning, autonomic regulation, and psychopathology.

The unifying conceptual models for the conference were the orienting . . .

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