American Population before the Federal Census of 1790

American Population before the Federal Census of 1790

American Population before the Federal Census of 1790

American Population before the Federal Census of 1790

Excerpt

For the student of American population before the first Federal Census was taken in 1790, there have hitherto been two compilations of major importance. The first was made by the lateFranklin B. Dexter in his Estimates of Population in the American Colonies, contributed to the American Antiquarian Society in 1887 and published in its Proceedings, New Series V, 22-50 (Worcester, 1889). This essay was subsequently included in a privately printed volume entitled A Selection from the Miscellaneous Historical Papers of Fifty Years (New Haven, 1918). Dexter's study, which included a limited amount of critical discussion, was chiefly concerned with population before 1776 and does not deal with the political subdivisions of the colonies and states.

In 1909 the United States Bureau of the Census issued a compilation entitled A Century of Population Growth, edited by Mr. W. A. Rossiter, Chief Clerk of the Census. This contained a considerable amount of material on American population before 1790. Chapter I of this volume summarized the information available for the area included in the first Federal Census, introducing some data not included in Dexter's essay, notably certain estimates of urban population. Under the head of "General Tables" are included (Tables 76-103 inclusive) official enumerations for seven of the original thirteen states: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, and Maryland. In these tables population is grouped not only in local subdivisions but under certain other categories, including age, sex, race, and servile or free status.

These earlier compilations of Dexter and Rossiter have proved their usefulness to scholars and have been frequently cited, but much additional material has since been made available for particular colonies and states. The plan of the present work is to assemble in a single volume: (1) the data contained in the earlier compilations; (2) the new material now scattered through a large number of publications, official and unofficial; (3) some additional data . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.