Psychology in Organizations: Integrating Science and Practice

Psychology in Organizations: Integrating Science and Practice

Psychology in Organizations: Integrating Science and Practice

Psychology in Organizations: Integrating Science and Practice

Synopsis

This book deals with two key questions. First, is there a firm scientific basis for the major applications of psychology in organizations? Second, does the practice of psychology in organizations contribute in any meaningful way to psychological research? This text attempts to answer these questions by describing some of the unique ways in which Industrial/Organizational (I/O) psychologists integrate science and practice in applying psychology in organizations. The editors of this volume believe that there is great potential for the effective interplay of science and practice in I/O psychology. Aware, however, that much work must still be done before a truly effective integration can be achieved and maintained, they have created a text that offers specific suggestions for improvement as well as many examples of successful integration. Psychology in Organizations explores the unique relationship between science and practice within industrial/organizational psychology. The contributors seek to answer two main questions:

• Is there a firm scientific basis for the major applications of psychology in organizations?

• Does the practice of psychology in organizations contribute in any meaningful way to psychological research?

After an initial examination of the industrial/organizational psychologist as a scientist and practitioner, Psychology in Organizations looks at specific roles played in such issues as job performance and productivity, sexual harassment, drug abuse, and drug testing. A final chapter looks at both the past and future of the field and suggests future applications.

Excerpt

There is a compelling need for innovative approaches to the solution of many pressing problems involving human relationships in today's society. Such approaches are more likely to be successful when they are based on sound research and applications. This Series in Applied Psychology offers publications which emphasize state-of-the-art research and its application to important issues of human behavior in a variety of societal settings. The objective is to bridge both academic and applied interests.

Applied psychologists must often balance the role of a scientist, concerned with developing and evaluating general theories of behavior, with the role of a practitioner, attempting to solve real-world problems. This is especially true in the field of industrial and organizational psychology. We agree with the editors that science informs the practice of psychology in organizations by identifying general psychological principles that can be used to explain behavior in organizations, and that practice informs science by identifying problems that need to be solved by scientific theories and research. This volume, Psychology in Organizations:
Integrating Science and Practice
, illustrates that a true interaction between science and practice is absolutely necessary to have a viable field of I/O psychology.

The book shows that many I/O psychologists do function as true scientist- practitioners, and that the field is richer because of this interaction. It is clearly easier to link science and practice in some areas of I/O psychology (e.g., personnel selection) than in others (e.g., organizational development). However, after reading this book, one comes away more optimistic about the state of the scientist-practitioner model. The various authors are able to point to a number of success stories in various subdisciplines of I/O psychology, and they identify . . .

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