Mortality Patterns and Trends in the United States

Mortality Patterns and Trends in the United States

Mortality Patterns and Trends in the United States

Mortality Patterns and Trends in the United States

Synopsis

Zopf provides a comprehensive account of the biological components of mortality, its various forms and causes, and its many differentials. The study considers mortality among a range of populations, according to differentials such as age, gender, race ethnic origin, socioeconomic and marital status, and urban or non-urban residence. It also traces changes in the impact of degenerative afflictions, infectious and parasitic diseases, and environmental factors. The many graphs and tables provide succinct and clear evidence of current mortality trends, and the extensive bibliography adds to the value of this work as a research tool.

Excerpt

Dramatic ongoing changes in American health care and its availability to various groups in the population necessitate continued updating of information and interpretation of the nation's mortality patterns and trends. We need to know the realities of general mortality, differentials by various demographic characteristics, infant mortality, cause of death, and life expectancy, and to understand how they are changing. We also need to understand how social, economic, political, and other conditions affect mortality patterns and trends, and, in turn, how those patterns and trends affect social, economic, political, and other conditions. Thus, the mortality analyses in this book emphasize social demography, which uses population data as an empirical base to examine both the social causes of specific demographic realities and the social consequences of those realities. The social demography perspective also includes a humanistic orientation that points up practical problems in dealing with mortality, especially its causes. I have tried to bring these elements together into description, analysis, concern, and proposed action.

My intent was not to write a textbook, although I hope college and university professors will find the volume useful as a supplement for courses in social problems, demography, medical sociology, and other areas of the social sciences. The book is meant primarily to be a reference for university and other library collections to provide additional information for those readers already knowledgeable about mortality in the United States and to enable others to begin that study. Therefore, it contains extensive data compilations and explanations of what I think those data mean.

The book is organized into seven chapters. Chapter 1 provides several perspectives on mortality, especially the epidemiologic transition in the United States, and the biological and environmental components of mortality, reflected . . .

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