Political Untouchables: The Tories and the '45

Political Untouchables: The Tories and the '45

Political Untouchables: The Tories and the '45

Political Untouchables: The Tories and the '45

Excerpt

The story of the '45 in Scotland has been told so often that the late Sir James Fergusson suggested there ought to be a law to prevent any more books on the subject. Yet these works have largely ignored the European context out of which the '45 arose and in which alone it could succeed. Historians on this side of the Channel have assumed that for the French the rebellion was a useful 'diversion' from the war in Flanders, without taking any systematic look at French sources. French historians, who knew that Louis XV was in earnest in seeking to restore the Stuarts, did not appreciate that conditions in eighteenth-century England made open expression of Jacobitism impossible. Being part English, part Scottish, and part French, I may have an excuse for an undertaking which will most probably arouse the ire of historians of all three nations. At any rate, alternate education in England and in France has convinced me that European history seen in purely national terms will not do.

I am grateful for permission to use the manuscripts of Her Majesty the Queen, of the Duke of Beaufort, the Duke of Bedford, the Duke of Devonshire and the trustees of the Chatsworth Settlement, the Duke of Northumberland, the Earl of Harrowby, the Treasurer and Masters of the Bench of Lincoln's Inn, and in France those of M. Martial de la Fournière of the Quai d'Orsay, M. le Général Guinard of the service historique du Ministère de la Défense Nationale, and M. le Contre-Amiral Fliche of the service historique de la Marine.

I am indebted to Professor Ian Christie for making a number of suggestions on the contents of this book, to John Brooke and Howard Erskine-Hill for useful discussions on some points made, to John Kerslake of the National Portrait Gallery for advice on illustrations, and to Peter Hasler of the History of Parliament Trust for reading the final draft. Dr Linda Colley has kindly allowed me . . .

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