The Famine in Soviet Russia, 1919-1923: The Operations of the American Relief Administration

The Famine in Soviet Russia, 1919-1923: The Operations of the American Relief Administration

The Famine in Soviet Russia, 1919-1923: The Operations of the American Relief Administration

The Famine in Soviet Russia, 1919-1923: The Operations of the American Relief Administration

Excerpt

This book is the story of American aid to Russia through the agency of the American Relief Administration during the Great Famine of 1921-1922. Except as otherwise noted it is based on materials in the A.R.A. archives. Chapters I-XVI constitute the narrative of events from the first attempt of the A.R.A. to give relief to Russia in 1919 to the completion of its work in July 1923. The succeeding chapters describe special aspects of the relief activities with a brief summary of the work of a number of other American organizations which were affiliated with the A.R.A. and contributed much to the success of the undertaking. No attempt has been made to give a detailed account of the considerable activities of other foreign relief bodies or of the Russian Soviet Government. This necessary exclusion is not due, it is perhaps unnecessary to say, to any desire to minimize the devoted work of a large number of men and women who were unselfishly engaged in the service of the Russian people. Chapter XXI summarizes the causes that combined to make the famine of 1921-22 vastly more devastating than previous crop failures which have brought death and misery so often to the Russian people.

I am under heavy obligation to the officers of the A.R.A. for the system of records which they established, to the staff for their coöperation in the preparation of the voluminous materials which constitute the documentary basis of this work, and particularly to Mr. Sidney Brooks and Mr. John R. Ellingston and the other members of the Historical Department for their generous collaboration. Especially I am indebted to Miss Suda L. Bane, the Librarian of the A.R.A., for invaluable aid in all stages of the preparation of this book, and to my wife, Helen Dwight Fisher, in the revision of the manuscript and the correction of the proof.

Messrs. Edgar Rickard, George Barr Baker, Perrin C. Galpin, Sidney Brooks, George I. Gay and Professors Frank A. Golder . . .

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