Computer-Assisted Career Decision Making: The Guide in the Machine

Computer-Assisted Career Decision Making: The Guide in the Machine

Computer-Assisted Career Decision Making: The Guide in the Machine

Computer-Assisted Career Decision Making: The Guide in the Machine

Synopsis

Discussing career decision making (CDM), career guidance, a computerized system of career guidance, and the interplay among them, this book describes the way people sort themselves, or are sorted, into educational and occupational options. The options represent the content of this book, and the sorting represents the process. The sequence of decisions may extend over a lifetime, but several crucial choice-points tend to occur at predictable stages in a career. Career guidance is a professional intervention in CDM; "professional" implies that practitioners conform to a standard of ethics, knowledge, and competence beyond what may be offered by other intervenors. Guidance is partly an art, but it is also partly a science -- at least an application of science, based on a synthesis of logic and evidence derived from research.

The computerized System of Interactive Guidance and Information (SIGI) is a designated guidance "treatment," clearly defined and specified. It was developed according to an explicit model, derived from a particular rationale for guidance, using modern technology to amplify the practice of career guidance. The current version -- called SIGI PLUS TM -- is being used at more than a thousand colleges and universities, as well as secondary schools, libraries, corporations, community-based organizations, and counseling agencies.

These three interdependent topics are treated in a progression: from a theory of CDM to a rationale and a model for guidance to the design and development of a system. This book weaves together theory (principles, propositions, rationales, and models), research and development. The product of that development, SIGI, helps to define theory, to exemplify it, and to test it.

Excerpt

When a man knows he is to be hanged in a fortnight, it concentrates his mind wonderfully.

--Samuel Johnson

Dr. Johnson's apothegm implies that a compression of time future--a literal deadline--forecloses freedom to dream and speculate on boundless possibilities in this life. It forces focus on immediate decisions, ranging perhaps from disposition of belongings and the menu for a final dinner to matters of eschatology. Decisions about a career are not among these topics. the necessary conditions for career decision making include a sense of freedom and of future.

Freedom to make career decisions, however, is not an unmixed blessing. Career decisions shape lives. They offer prospects of satisfaction and success; but on the horizon with these bright prospects loom risks of unhappiness and failure. Freedom entails responsibility for making career decisions and for dealing with the consequences. Despite the importance of these decisions, people often feel a lack of competence in career decision making and do not know how to concentrate their minds on them.

This book, completed at the gateway to the 1990s, is about career decision making, career guidance, a computerized system of career guidance, and the interplay among them.

Career decision making (CDM) describes the way people sort themselves, or are sorted, into educational and occupational options. the options represent the content of cdm, and the sorting represents the . . .

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