World Population Trends and Their Impact on Economic Development

World Population Trends and Their Impact on Economic Development

World Population Trends and Their Impact on Economic Development

World Population Trends and Their Impact on Economic Development

Synopsis

This volume brings together a group of renowned population specialists from the United Nations, the World Bank, the East-West Population Institute, and leading universities to explore the numerous interactions between levels of population growth and economic well-being in developing countries. The contributors challenge conventional theories that high population growth rates have unequivocally adverse consequences for economic development, demonstrating that the evidence is far from conclusive on this point.

Excerpt

This volume arose from a session I chaired in 1987 at the Annual Meetings of the American Economic Association on population growth and economic development. It brings together a number of renowned population specialists from the United Nations, the World Bank, the East-West Population Institute and universities, and deals with some of the most pressing development problems of the day relating to population growth and economic development

The study of the relationship between population growth and economic development dates back to at least the seventeenth century and to Thomas Malthus. But recently, many new developments have taken place that brought the field to the forefront of the study of development economics. Many previously accepted principles have been questioned, and recent research has suggested new directions in the field. Today, more than ever before, population growth is closely examined for the contribution that it can make to economic development and for the difficulties to which it may lead.

Recent reports by the Working Group on Population Growth and Economic Development of the National Research Council, the World Bank, and the United Nations seem to reach somewhat conflicting conclusions regarding the effect of population growth on economic development. But they all raise some interesting questions and point to the need for more study and research. These are some of the reasons for the present volume.

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