The Siberian Intervention

The Siberian Intervention

The Siberian Intervention

The Siberian Intervention

Excerpt

In the Soviet Far East October 25, 1947 was observed as a day of historical importance. The Moscow organ Izvestiia took note of the developments there since the arrival on the Amur River three hundred years before of the adventurer, Erofei Khabarov, who gave his name to one of the two most important cities and territorial divisions of the area. In the course of the intervening centuries and particularly since the rise of the Soviet regime, the article continued, the cultural, industrial, and agricultural progress of the Khabarovsk and Maritime regions has taken place at an increasingly accelerated rate. The writer emphasized especially the achievements of the period of the Second World War and the current Five Year Plan. It was with this optimistic note that the Soviet Government marked the twenty-fifth anniversary of the departure, after more than four years of military occupation, of the Japanese troops from Vladivostok and therewith the end of the intervention.

For many months after the revolution of November 1917, foreign intervention in Siberia was considered an imminent danger. Then in the spring of 1918 it became a reality and for nearly two years the representatives of a number of Allied nations participated in a military intervention. By early April 1920, all but the Japanese troops had been withdrawn and for the next two and a half years Soviet Russia and Japan were the principals in a duel for possession of the Far Eastern areas of the former Russian Empire. Finally, in October 1922, with the departure of the Japanese, the Soviet Government entered for the first time into full possession of the Russian Pacific coast. Not until May 1925, however, did Japan relinquish to the Soviets the northern half of Sakhalin Island.

It is this struggle for the Russian Far East, especially the phase which preceded the departure of all but the Japanese interventionist forces in the spring of 1920, which forms the . . .

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