United States and French Security, 1917-1921: A Study in American Diplomatic History

United States and French Security, 1917-1921: A Study in American Diplomatic History

United States and French Security, 1917-1921: A Study in American Diplomatic History

United States and French Security, 1917-1921: A Study in American Diplomatic History

Excerpt

Three things have been attempted in this study: First, to show why the French attitude on security in general and against Germany in particular was inconsistent with many of the ideas of President Wilson and Lloyd George as they expressed them at Versailles; second, to show the extreme importance of the Guarantee Treaties in resolving the deadlock in point one; third, to show briefly the reactions of the British and the French to the Aid Pacts, and also those of the United States because of the revolutionary import which the Pacts held in American foreign policy.

While it is true that many detailed analyses have been made of the Versailles Treaty and the League of Nations Covenant, yet heretofore there has been little study devoted to the Treaties of Guarantee. Although the aid treaties were supplemental ones, nevertheless they were one of the most important agreements made at the conference. By means of them the French, British, and Americans were able to compromise their disagreements and thus enable the Peace of 1919 to be formally defined in treaty form.

In the preparation of this study the author has made use of many documents, histories, memoirs, reports, official papers, diaries, and letters. In order to study many official French reports and documents, the author was permitted to use the excellent facilities of the Hoover Library on War, Revolution and Peace. A partial list of the French records includes: Journal Officiel de la République Française, Chambre des Députés, Débats Parlementaires, 1919, 1920, 1921; Journal Officiel de laRépublique Française . . .

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