The Soviet Union: Background, Ideology, Reality

The Soviet Union: Background, Ideology, Reality

The Soviet Union: Background, Ideology, Reality

The Soviet Union: Background, Ideology, Reality

Excerpt

The essays in this volume explore aspects of the ideology and the realities of the Soviet Union, and provide historical background which may make Soviet theory and practice intelligible. In five years the Soviet Union has liquidated the hopes of big-power cooperation and the gratitude of its partners in the Grand Alliance for the Russian share in crushing the Nazis. American foreign policy now aims not to win Soviet partnership in the world's affairs but to convince the Soviet Union of the formidable determination of the free world to resist Soviet expansion and encroachments. For the moment the United States does not seek Russian good will but, rather, a respectful fear of American power.

Why has this transformation of American foreign policy taken place? Primarily because the totalitarian system of the Soviet Union has successfully expanded to engulf a large part of Europe and Asia. The Soviet advance has been marked by the establishment of police states, by economic exploitation and religious oppression. To these features of Soviet totalitarianism, its constriction of the human spirit and its methods of penetration and exploitation, the present volume devotes particular attention.

All the papers were originally presented February 7 and 8, 1950 to a Symposium at the University of Notre Dame, organized by the Committee on International Relations. They have been revised for this volume.

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