The Nordic Nexus: A Lesson in Peaceful Security

The Nordic Nexus: A Lesson in Peaceful Security

The Nordic Nexus: A Lesson in Peaceful Security

The Nordic Nexus: A Lesson in Peaceful Security

Synopsis

This book examines Nordic relations with the superpowers, 1947-61, within the context of regional integration and cooperation theory. The Nordic region balanced security through a combination of NATO ties, neutralism, and special treaties, and low-voltage diplomacy to keep both superpowers at length. The book uses materials from U.S. and Norwegian archives, summarizes the findings of Nordic secondary literature on security, and utilizes concepts borrowed from international relations theory in order to describe Nordic regional security cooperation and to provide a useful model of peaceful security. To test for applicability in the Third World, the Nordic model is then compared to the regional integration system in Southeast Asia--the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

Excerpt

A great challenge in the post-Cold War age is to balance the forces of integration and fragmentation in the search for security and prosperity. During the Cold War, Norway--together with the other countries comprising Norden--remained cooperative, peaceful, and prosperous although they were of vital strategic concern to both superpowers. How this was accomplished and its implications for other regions are important questions for scholars and policymakers. This study will address the dilemma of balancing security with prosperity, and integration with fragmentation through a detailed, binational, interdisciplinary analysis of the Nordic region and the United States in the 1950s. Research in both Norwegian and U.S. archives provide the binational perspective. The way in which the Nordic countries survived and prospered during the Cold War--cooperating through diversity-- may provide some lessons for the post-Cold War world. The framework of analysis will emphasize the Nordic region's system of integration and security known as the "Nordic Nexus" and the "Nordic Balance" and will also rely on the U.S. security policy of containment. The underlying purpose of this study is the construction of a model of "peaceful security" taken from the Nordic examples of integration and security. This model should stimulate further research and should be of interest to policymakers in both the industrialized and the developing worlds. Peaceful security, as originally conceived by this author, is a system of security that emphasizes nonviolent and less strident methods of foreign and security policy, and cooperation through diversity. This . . .

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