Bureaucracy against Democracy and Socialism

Bureaucracy against Democracy and Socialism

Bureaucracy against Democracy and Socialism

Bureaucracy against Democracy and Socialism


Introduction by Ronald M. Glassman, William H. Swatos, Jr., and Paul L. Rosen Part I: The Problem From Government over Persons to the Administration of Things: Marx and Engels on Bureaucracy by Wolfgang Schluchter Max Weber and the Possibilities for Socialism by Ernest Kilker Max Weber and the Crisis of Liberal Democracy by Wolfgang J. Mommsen Conflicts Between Legal and Bureaucratic Systems of Authority by Ronald M. Glassman Part II: Authoritarian Tendencies in Modern Bureaucracies Social Rights in the Welfare State: The Contrast Between Adjudication and Administration in the United States by Kathi V. Friedman The Patient at Peril: Hospital Bureaucracy and Medical Records by Paul L. Rosen The Moral Ethos of Bureaucracy by Robert Jackall Bureaucracy and Civil Liberties: The FBI Story by Kenneth O'Reilly Bureaucracy and Rationalization in the Soviet Police by William M. Jones Part III: Some Proposed Solutions in Service to Democracy Power versus Liberty in the Welfare State: A Bill of Rights for Social Service Beneficiaries by Ira Glasser "Constitutionalizing" Corporations: An Employee Bill of Rights by Ralph Nader, Mark Green, and Joel Seligman Industrial Democracy in the Era of the Corporate Leviathan by Robert Dahl The Need for a Legislative Ombudsman by Donald C. Rowat Quality Circles: Implications for American management by Lisa K. Armour Epilogue: Bureaucracy and Its Discontents by William H. Swatos, Jr. Notes Bibliography Index About the Contributors


Ronald M. Glassman,William H. Swatos Jr., and Paul L. Rosen

Unlike Karl Marx and his followers, who offered a quasi-millennial eschatology of hope in the midst of modernity's agonies, Max Weber may be envisioned as a latter day Jeremiah--a prophet of doom concerning the development of modern society. As with the prophets of old, however, his message was meant as a warning, not as a fated, irreversible prediction. Weber's pessimistic analysis of modern society was written with the hope of stimulating future generations of social scientists, politicians, and statesmen to create and develop responsible proposals and programs that could establish possible solutions to the problems that were emerging. Though he railed against utopianism of any kind, Weber remained passionately committed to political action that could produce practical results based on the actual social conditions of modernity.

What was the basis for Weber's pessimism toward the future of modern society? The major problem Weber wished to bring to our attention was bureaucracy. Earlier thinkers, such as Marx and, before him, the Enlightenment intellectuals--Montesquieu, Rousseau, or Saint-Simon--believed that the excesses of patrimonial bureaucracy, as part of the ancien regime, would disappear with the king, the royal court, and the nobility. In England, the first major European nation to free itself from the monopolistic kingly state and feudal nobility, bureaucracy did decline. England became the first country to emerge a powerful industrial nation-state in the wake of these happenings--followed closely by its anti-monarchical, anti-bureaucratic offspring, the United States. On the basis of these events in Anglo-America, a century of thinkers directed their attention elsewhere, believing that bureaucracy was a relic of the past.

First Tocqueville in France, then most centrally Weber in Germany, witnessed the conversion of patrimonial bureaucracy into modern rational . . .

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