The Russian Revolution and Religion: A Collection of Documents Coverning the Suppression of Religion by the Communists, 1917-1925

The Russian Revolution and Religion: A Collection of Documents Coverning the Suppression of Religion by the Communists, 1917-1925

The Russian Revolution and Religion: A Collection of Documents Coverning the Suppression of Religion by the Communists, 1917-1925

The Russian Revolution and Religion: A Collection of Documents Coverning the Suppression of Religion by the Communists, 1917-1925

Excerpt

Soviet Russia constitutes the most formidable problem of the modern world, in the sphere of politics as well as in economic and cultural relationships. Thousands of books and articles have been written about the Russian Communist Revolution. Still there is a scarcity of published primary sources for the study of the suppression of religion during the revolution, 1917- 1925. A collection of such documents, for the most part inaccessible to the Western reader, is one of the most needed reference books. The intention of the present author is, therefore, to publish a set of important documents pertinent to this question, selecting them from archivistic depositories and private collections of significance. In addition to these unpublished documents, the collection includes translations from official or rare Russian publications -- such as laws and executive orders of the Bolshevik government and the All-Russian Communist Party; the most interesting articles from the newspapers Pravda, Izvestiia, Krasnaia Zrezda, Bezbozhnik, and selections from Antireligioznik, and other Communist Russian publications of a pertinent character. Besides such materials, the appendices provide the following: lists of anti-religious laws; lists of deported, tortured or murdered bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church; lists of desecrated relics and bodies of the Orthodox saints; short biographical sketches on some Orthodox and Catholic ecclesiastics; statistical data; and a selective, but substantial, bibliography of the subject. The author worked on the project in many libraries but principally in the Library of Congress, the Harvard Library, the University of Notre Dame Library, the New York Public Library and the University of Chicago Library.

The manuscript documents have been selected from papers of the Department of State in the National Archives, from the papers of the late Fr. Edmund Walsh, S. J., former Papal delegate to Russia, and from the papers of the last Roman Catholic Metropolitan-Administrator in Russia, the Archbishop John Cieplak, now preserved in the Polish Roman Catholic Archives and Library, Chicago. The originals of the documents are in English, French, Latin, Russian, Polish, and Italian. The English documentary translations made by the U.S. Legation in Riga, in 1921-1925, were checked against the Russian originals, corrected, and in many instances translated anew, and all the other translations as well were done by the present author.

The title of this book indicates that all religions of the Russian empire are considered for documentation of their fate during the Revolution of 1917-1925. The Russian Orthodox confession was the official religion in the tsarist empire and, therefore, the principal target of Bolshevik persecution. Other religions, before the revolution, were permitted to exist beyond . . .

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