The Crescent and the Rising Sun: Indonesian Islam under the Japanese Occupation, 1942-1945

The Crescent and the Rising Sun: Indonesian Islam under the Japanese Occupation, 1942-1945

The Crescent and the Rising Sun: Indonesian Islam under the Japanese Occupation, 1942-1945

The Crescent and the Rising Sun: Indonesian Islam under the Japanese Occupation, 1942-1945

Excerpt

The political history of modern Indonesia, especially that of the Indonesian nationalist movement of the past half-century, has in recent years received increasing attention from Indonesian as well as Western scholars. The history of Indonesian Islam, on the other hand, has been relatively neglected in most of their works, which not infrequently accord Islamic movements a minor place in the growth of Indonesian nationalism. This treatment has tended to obscure not only the importance of Indonesian Islam as such, but also the very profound divisions between Muslim leaders and other Indonesian social and political groups, whether traditional or modern, in colonial times.

This book attempts to trace the evolution of Indonesian Islam and the complex role it has played in the modern era of Indonesia's political history under foreign rule. In Part One, this evolution is studied in the context of Dutch colonial rule, with especial emphasis on Dutch Islamic policy and Muslim organizational life in the twentieth century. To some extent it was unavoidable to cover ground more or less familiar to students of Indonesian history, since for all their intrinsic importance, neither Dutch Islamic policy nor Islamic history could be divorced from either the overall direction of colonial administration or the political maturation of Indonesian society as a whole. An endeavor has, nonetheless, been made to view even the generally better known landmarks from the specifically Islamic angle, and to avoid repetition wherever possible.

While most of the materials for the first part of the study were derived from secondary sources, Part Two, which is devoted to the brief yet highly important Japanese interregnum -- still a largely unexplored chapter in Indonesian history -- has been . . .

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