José de Gálvez: Visitor-General of New Spain (1765-1771)

José de Gálvez: Visitor-General of New Spain (1765-1771)

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José de Gálvez: Visitor-General of New Spain (1765-1771)

José de Gálvez: Visitor-General of New Spain (1765-1771)

Read FREE!

Excerpt

Joseph Bernardo Gálvez Gallardo was born January 2, 1720, in the village of Macharaviaya, or Macharavialla, near Vélez- Málaga, on the southern coast of Spain. He was the second son of Antonio Gálvez y Carbajal and Ana Gallardo Jurado, who were married at Macharaviaya on July 1, 1716. His godfather, a neighbor, was José Gallardo, perhaps a relative of the family.

The Macharaviaya branch of the Gálvez family was in those days reputed to be one of the oldest and purest of Spanish lines. In 1771 Miguel de Gálvez, a younger brother of José, being then a candidate for royal favors, presented to the King a certificate of genealogy over the signature of Ramón Zozo, king-at-arms and chronicler of Charles III. This certificate, accompanied by eighty-nine instruments, such as titles, decrees, royal orders, certificates of marriage and baptism, purported to prove that Miguel was sprung from four male lines of descent (varonías), namely, those of Gálvez, García, Madrid, and Cabreras. The arms of the Macharaviaya Gálvez family were supposed to date from the historically unverified battle of Clavijo, in the year 834, when members of the family were reputed to have won a new quartering for conspicuous bravery.

The most distinguished bearer of the name, prior to José de Gálvez, was Antón de Gálvez, seventh grandfather of the former, who bore a notable part in the wars against the Moors which resulted in the surrender of Granada in 1492. Their Catholic Majesties granted to Antón de Gálvez the privilege of sepulture and a permanent sitting in his parochial church, which are still conserved as the right of the family. Antón was the common ancestor of various branches of the family which became established in Andalusia. From early times they were registered as hijosdalgo, and occupied official positions fitting their stations in . . .

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