The Schuman Plan: A Study in Economic Cooperation, 1950-1959

The Schuman Plan: A Study in Economic Cooperation, 1950-1959

The Schuman Plan: A Study in Economic Cooperation, 1950-1959

The Schuman Plan: A Study in Economic Cooperation, 1950-1959

Excerpt

Seven years ago I finished a book called Trade and Payments in Western Europe: A Study in Economic Cooperation, 1947-51 (New York: Harper, for the Council on Foreign Relations, 1952). In it I was incautious enough to speak of another volume that would discuss several issues left out of the first, especially the efforts "to unify certain Western European industries, . . . reaching their highest peak in the Schuman Plan." My intention was good and my material largely in hand but my foresight was clouded. While other duties delayed the writing, European cooperation moved into a new phase. OEEC and EPU extended their valuable work, activity continued in other spheres, but increasingly my attention was drawn to what was going on in the European Coal and Steel Community. Here was something really new, a serious effort to integrate the coal and steel industries of six countries by methods going beyond intergovernmental cooperation and the traditional attack on trade barriers. To combine the ever-growing story of the Schuman Plan with the omissions from the previous book--manpower, transportation, the futile efforts to coordinate national investment programs--would produce a strange, lopsided volume, something falling into the class of biblia a-biblia, books that are not books. So at the cost of some broken promises, which I regret, this book is devoted entirely to the Schuman Plan. In part it is a sequel to the earlier volume; more importantly, it is an investigation of a new form of international economic cooperation that differs in many ways from the process examined in the book on trade and payments. While this study was being completed Europe moved into yet a third major phase of economic cooperation with the opening of a wider common market, the creation of Euratom, and the negotiations for a possible free trade area. This phase will differ from . . .

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