The King-Crane Commission: An American Inquiry in the Middle East

The King-Crane Commission: An American Inquiry in the Middle East

The King-Crane Commission: An American Inquiry in the Middle East

The King-Crane Commission: An American Inquiry in the Middle East

Excerpt

This study, in general, grew out of the author's background in the writing of The Partition of Turkey, published in 1931. In a certain sense, and without repeating the materials in the earlier volume, it is a long, extended note to that study. This new work on the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire is intended to serve a four-fold purpose. First, it brings additional light to the problem of the partition of the Ottoman Empire during the period of the Paris Peace Conference. Second, American policy concerning the Near and Middle East is Especially highlighted, for the materials examined have been concerned primarily with the development of American interest in that troubled region. Thirdly, the book deals with the origins, organization, investigation and report of the American Section of the Inter-Allied Commission on Mandates in Turkey, or King-Crane Commission, appointed by President Woodrow Wilson to find out the facts in and about the Ottoman Empire for the purpose of laying the essential foundations for peace-making in the Near East. Finally, it is hoped that this work will throw some light, at least, on the use of expert commissions in the technique of peace-making.

Although the author assumes full responsibility for the form and substance of the volume, and for all its shortcomings, the work has been a genuinely cooperative enterprise. so many people have been of such generous assistance in its preparation that it is difficult to find words to express adequately the deep sense of gratitude which the writer feels toward them all. The book owes its particular origin to Mr. E.W. King, the Librarian Emeritus of Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. In the fall of 1939, Mr. King placed the papers of his late father, President Henry Churchill King, of Oberlin College, at the disposal of the writer. The Office of the President at Oberlin kindly made available many of President King's private letters, written during the period of 1919-1923. The wealth of those papers is well attested by a glance at the bibliography. From that time to the completion of the task, the writer has had an almost unique experience of literally having the archives brought to his desk--the Mountain was brought to Mohammed!

Following an analysis of the King Papers the writer proceeded to gather all the available papers of other members of the King-Crane Commission. The late Professor Albert Howe Lybyer, of the University of Illinois, General Technical Adviser of the Commission, most generously permitted use of his extremely rich collection of papers and gave valuable criticism of the original manuscript. Professor William Yale, who served as Technical Adviser for the Southern Regions of Turkey, kindly allowed access to his collection of papers, and read a copy of the manuscript during 1941, when it was originally prepared. Dr. George R. Montgomery, Technical Adviser for the Northern Regions of Turkey, unfortunately kept no papers. Mr. Donald M. Brodie and Mr. Walter SRogers.

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.