The Gentlemen Talk of Peace

The Gentlemen Talk of Peace

The Gentlemen Talk of Peace

The Gentlemen Talk of Peace

Excerpt

Under examination the problems of peace are seen to be highly complex. They are no longer rooted in the familiar motivations of high politics, but are an expression of the perplexing social questions of our times, and do not lend themselves to cure by the use of mild political medicines.

Events have moved rapidly since this book was completed in the early summer of 1944. Our European enemies are on the verge of collapse. The end of the war in Asia cannot be far off. These eventualities make it necessary for us to appraise the coming power equilibrium and determine the type of institutional structure in which the future peace is to be housed.

A number of preliminary conferences have been held by representatives of the principal United Nations, seeking to arrive at an agreement on questions of oil, food, and currency control. Still others are planned to deal with the regulation of international flight, the control of raw materials, the allocation of world markets, and the establishment of a World Court. As this is written, conferences are going forward at Dumbarton Oaks with a view to setting up a world organization capable of organizing and maintaining the peace.

Whatever the merits of the different schemes suggested, or of the means by which they are to be placed into effect, they all possess the fatal flaw of ignoring certain basic facts. Without exception, their authors wish to eat their cake and have it too. They seek the benefits of a new and peaceful world, but are unwilling to abandon the conditions which make struggle inevitable.

The parties to the deliberations seek a formula which will preserve unimpaired the absolute sovereignties of their respective States and yet at the same time will provide for the use of sufficient . . .

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