Behavioral Research on Exceptional Children

Behavioral Research on Exceptional Children

Behavioral Research on Exceptional Children

Behavioral Research on Exceptional Children

Excerpt

During the past two decades, the field of special education has undergone an "explosion" both in services and in knowledge. The development of programs for exceptional children, particularly since World War II, has been so rapid that few professional workers have been able to keep up with the expanding scene. Because of the heterogeneity of this field, which includes so many kinds of deviant development, and because of the multiplicity of disciplines concerned with services and research, information processing has broken down. It is becoming increasingly difficult, if not impossible, for one individual to keep abreast of literature which is so widely dispersed in numerous professional and technical journals. For this reason we have seen the appearance of various compilations of abstracts, readings, and reviews, most of which have been highly specialized.

The present monograph is one of a series of publications of the Council for Exceptional Children dealing with contemporary problems and issues in the education of children and youth who require a variety of special services. It provides selected reviews of relevant studies in each major category of exceptionality and can serve as a supplement to basic textbooks in the field.

Much of the early literature on exceptional children pertained to physiological aspects of disability. Valuable as these findings were, there was little in them which had direct relevance to problems of school learning and social adjustment. With more recent advances in theories of perception, learning, and personality, there has emerged greater interest in, and a greater need for, information bearing upon the behavioral aspects of exceptionality. Responsible instruction, program development, and guidance depend upon such knowledge. The focus of this monograph, therefore, is specifically upon behavioral research on exceptional children.

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