Aristotle's Categories, and de Interpretatione

Aristotle's Categories, and de Interpretatione

Aristotle's Categories, and de Interpretatione

Aristotle's Categories, and de Interpretatione

Excerpt

The main purpose of this work is to provide a translation of Aristotle Categories and De Interpretatione that shall be of service to the serious student of philosophy who does not read Greek. The existing English versions are not well suited to the needs of such a reader: they are not sufficiently literal, and they do not attempt to preserve consistency in the rendering of key terms. The present translation sticks more closely to the original in order to enable the Greekless reader to exercise his own judgement on questions of interpretation.

The text translated is that of the best and most recent edition, L. Minio-Paluello's edition in the Oxford Classical Texts Series (1949, with corrections 1956). But I have omitted the lines 2 6-6 (which are a mere repetition of 2 3-6), I have adopted variant readings at 1 16, 16 22, 18 21, 18 22,and 21 14; and I have introduced conjectural emendations at 8 19 and 15 16.

There is no English commentary on the Categories and De Interpretatione, and no recent commentary in any language. The notes in this volume do not pretend to the status of a commentary. Limited in scope and elementary in character, they are offered only as an aid to beginners. In the absence of any other chapter-by-chapter discussion of the works it has seemed desirable to write fairly full notes on individual passages, even though this has made it impossible to include a synoptic introduction containing a general examination of major topics. The philosophical questions treated in, or raised by, the Categories and De Interpretatione are so numerous and difficult that a short introductory discussion would have been worthless; and an adequate one would have left little or no space for notes on particular passages.

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