Psychology and Logic - Vol. 2

Psychology and Logic - Vol. 2

Psychology and Logic - Vol. 2

Psychology and Logic - Vol. 2

Excerpt

This volume emphasizes the applied aspects of the relation between psychology and logic. Whereas in the first volume we were chiefly occupied with logical theory, we now investigate the ongoing processes and finished products of system building. Because theory and practice are continuous, the materials of the two volumes are, of course, intimately integrated. The topics of Volume II are treated on the basis of the principles worked out in Volume I; the results, therefore, in a significant way constitute illustrations and tests of interbehavioral theory.

Applying logical principles means for us in no sense exploiting them. Interbehavioral logic is not a unique logical system ready for use in annexing truth and reality. Logics of that type we reject, along with the various historical philosophies serving as their foundation. Specificity logic, in both its theoretical and applied aspects, constitutes a scientific study of systemizing situations. Its application, accordingly, consists in observing how well descriptions of system making fit when they are projected back into the fields from which they are drawn. Thus exploitation gives way to verification.

The chapters of the present volume demonstrate the essential place in various logical situations of (1) concrete specific operations and (2) the things, events, and relations which constitute the raw materials for (3) systemic products. In many instances, too, we clarify (4) the types of instruments employed in system construction. The indispensability of these four factors is amply exemplified in the investigation of system products (chap. 15), as well as in many other chapters.

It is only to be expected that the emphasis of the four factors varies with the specific topics treated. For example, in Chapters 13 and 14 in which we study abstracting, generalizing, defining, and classifying operations, the focal point of observation is the logician engaged in system building. By comparison, Chapter 16 . . .

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